SEO Rank Promoter

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Today’s interview is with Chris Egan, a software developer who specialises in the areas of Software Automation, Keyword Research and SEO (search engine optimisation). Chris is a full time internet marketer and has been doing business online for about ten years.

Hi Chris. I’d like to ask you about SEO Rank Promoter – a product you launched recently. It’s a tool that helps website owners rank better in the search engines.

Can you explain first of all what is involved in traditional search engine optimisation?

Traditional Search Engine Optimization focuses on the on and off page work that you can do to rank highly for your targeted keywords. This can include backlink building, use of a keyword in the page title, domain, image alt tags, H1 – H6 tags, keyword density, relevancy, etc – all these things influence search engine rankings. Another influence is the results that the search engines see – in other words they see your URL clicked on their results page. It leads them to think that the person who visited your page thought it was relevant to the searched-for keyword.

Are there any new elements that will become important?

Content is king, relevant content, not content farms. Google has made a big change to try to stop content farms dominating the search engine results – which is great news for marketers.

Any ‘secret’ or underused SEO tips that you can give me?

The use of the keyword in the Heading1 – H6 and Alt tags is underused, but very effective.

Why would I need SEO Rank Promoter to improve my rankings? What extra does it offer me compared to traditional SEO methods?

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It accelerates things, kickstarts things, and helps to build the momentum of traffic that results in real visitors – the higher your page is in the rankings the more real visitors are going to come to your site.

Why would I care where my business ranks in Google and other search engines?

Without traffic your site is just another statistic, while there are millions (billions) of pages indexed the traffic comes from Page 1 – get to page 1 and get sales, leads, whatever it is your site wants to accomplish – it can only do with traffic.

Can you share any big wins you have had when improving a site’s ranking using the techniques in SEO Rank Promoter?

Jumps of 600 places are common in the early ranking process – and then the jumps are usually between 1 to 10 places. It’s possible to get a brand new site, with little SEO into the top 100 results in 48 hours. Beyond there, SEO and the SEO Rank Promoter will keep moving the site forward to page 1.

Can you tell me a little about the SEO Rank Promoter product? What format is the product in?

Its a Windows Desktop Application. It runs on XP – Windows 7.

How did you decide on the subject matter for SEO Rank Promoter?

You mean how did I decide to make this software or why? I had bought a tool called SESNIPER – which claimed you could get to page 1 without backlinks, SEO, etc. After a month testing it I found it didn’t work. So I looked at where it failed. I actually found a copy of the source code in a PLR offer – purchased it and in discussing with my programming team we realised it was one of those great ideas, but never going to work, because of major flaws in the coding. Those flaws still exist. Sorry if you bought it.

Well it led me to evaluate what was needed from the point of view of a user – first you need to understand why other sites rank for keywords – so we developed one component of the software – the Ranking Spy to do just that. With the Ranking Spy you can analyse a website to see what keywords it ranks for, and find out data such as Monthly Searches, Competition, Number of times the keyword features in the Title, Content and H1 tag. Plus the KEI which is an indication of how easy or difficult it is to rank for that keyword.

Then a user needed the correct tools to build ranking. For example the software includes a Rank Indexer component which can generate thousands of backlinks fast – and get pages indexed in Google, Yahoo and Bing.

Then there are the Rank Promotion Tools – these are the tools that do the real work – one helps to get your sites noticed by the Search Engines, by carrying out keyword based searches that include a reference to your site. The other actually pushes your site up the rankings by finding it in the search results and visiting the page – which the search engines recognise as a visitor – who wanted to find out more about the keyword at your site.

Does http://www.seorankpromoter.com/ rank well on Google?

Yes it’s on Page 1 for several terms and rising through the rankings on other targeted terms. It’s interesting because we have not used backlinks on this site – to compare the effect of using them – and it’s outranking sites that have used backlinks – that is due to two things, the software, and the on page SEO work.

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What are your main methods to market SEO Rank Promoter?

We have only recently launched and did via the Warrior Forums in the form of a WSO. I actually don’t want too much buzz – because the tool gives users the edge – the more people that get the tool – the more the edge has less value.

Is there anything you would do differently when launching another product? Have you launched any other products since?

Right now there are 3 projects coming close to completion. I think each launch has to be done in a different way – because the goals are always different.

What are your future plans, either in internet marketing or otherwise?

We have a cool YouTube tool coming together, a Social Bookmarking Tool, a Twitter Tool, and some other cool stuff in the pipeline.

If you want to improve the rank of your websites then SEO Rank Promoter gives you tools to analyze your site, make changes, and get your rank moving. This software was designed to provide help for beginners and experienced marketers to automatically get their sites to page 1 in the search engines.

The 6 Reasons Why You Should Start Using Lawn Fertilizer

Keeping your lawn looking fresh and healthy all through can at times be a tough task considering frequent attacks by the pest, unfavorable weather changes, among other foes. But despite it all, as a smart homeowner, you must come up with ways of maintaining your lawn looking as fresh and healthier as you would wish. 

Over the years, homeowners have continuously used fertilizer on their lawn since they are always aware of some of the benefits associated with this kind of act. So, if you are looking forward to starting a lawn around your home, then keep reading so than you can have the full insight why the use of lawn fertilizer is essential; 

1. Lawn Fertilizer Works best With Available Soil Nutrients

To have a green and healthy lawn, you will need to have a soil which is rich in some of the essential nutrient required for optimum plant growth. This is why you should at all times have lawn fertilizer in your store so that you can easily apply it anytime you observe some deficiency signs.

Naturally, the soil will tend to lose some of the essential nutrients required for plant growth and thus the need to keep on replenishing. This way, you will manage to keep your lawn looking green and healthy all year round. 

2. Lawn Fertilizer Is Needed As Much As Water And Sunlight

For any lawn to remain green and healthy all the time, there is a need for a constant supply of enough water and sunlight. So, just the same way your plant won’t thrive well without the supply of enough sunlight and water, this is the same case that will be witnessed if there is limited nutrient supply.

For soils to remain fertile, three key elements are required and in reasonably high levels; phosphorous, nitrogen, and potassium. So, if you manage to maintain a constant supply of these three elements, then consider yourself a champion.

3. It’s Eco-Friendly

Lawn fertilizer has been known to work magic, especially when used in the right way. Since this fertilizer uses natural chemicals and vitamins, it has thus been found to be one of the best lawn care solution. 

When using this kind of fertilizer, you are not only caring about your lawn but also taking care of the general environment. Don’t worry about the excess waste since this fertilizer will dissipate into the soil freely.

4. It’s Cost-Effective

Just like any other homeowner, I know you are already worried about the cost of this fertilizer. But worry not since I have good news for you. Despite its ability to work wonders on your lawn, this fertilizer is pocket-friendly. Also, upon fertilization, all you will be worried about is only basic maintenance practices.

5. The Best Way To Enhance Your Plant Growth

As you have already seen that this fertilizer is rich in some of the essential nutrients which your plant needs for maximum growth. So, constant supply of these nutrients to your lawn ensures that there is faster and healthier growth. This is following its ability to interact correctly with all other nutrients present in the soil.

6. Lawn Fertilizer Is Easy To Use

Another great thing about this excellent fertilizer is that you don’t necessarily need to have a green thumb for use to use it. This means that, if you are not interested in using the help of some of the available local services, you can as well spread this fertilizer all by yourself since nothing complex is involved.

But before you use this fertilizer, especially if you are a first-timer, consider taking time to go through the instruction provided on the packet so that you can be able to take the necessary precautions and stay safe.  

Final Thought

Considering some of the importance above that come along with the use of lawn fertilizer, you will definitely agree with me that this fertilizer is of immense advantage to your grass. It also has the ability to maintain that green color and a healthy look on your lawn all year round.

Therefore, as a homeowner, it’s imperative to be on the lookout so that you can be able to determine the best time to apply this fertilizer. For instance, if you don’t water your grass, it wise to avoid using too much of the fertilizer since this may bring about some burning effects on your lawn. 

The time of application should also be put into consideration to ensure that you only apply this fertilizer when it‘s greatly needed. This is because a continuous supply of too much lawn fertilizer might result in toxicity, which might adversely affect the growth of your lawn. It also an added advantage to a homeowner since you will not spend much money buying this fertilizer time and again. 

Also, for best reviews and buying guides for different home products, please visit http://best4.reviews. Here, you will compressive information about any product you might be looking forward to purchasing. 

You Are What You Eat

What you put on your plate and intake daily is what represent you. The food you eat determines your health which gets reflected on your skin. So do you really want to get a young-looking, glowing fabulous skin, then have it rather than putting it on your skin. Keep the inner you clean, you will be automatically beautiful.

What you consume not only becomes a part of your inner being but also becomes your outer cover, that matters the most. The more healthy food you consume, the more glowing you look at each and every single day. Yes, you cannot beat the age, but can always delay the appearance of wrinkles, sagging skin.

The reverse is also true for all. Don’t pay less attention to your well being. The less you care the more visible it will be. It will not be visible overnight, but once you start starving your skin, the more skin disorders and problems you’re likely to appear.

With having unhealthy, fried foods you will start growing shallow, dry shin at an early age. If your diet misses important nutrients and vitamins, more serious skin disorders are likely to occur. You will be having acne, eczema, psoriasis. Other chronic skin diseases will be affecting you at an early age.

Let us discuss various foods that help you to stay healthy

Various nutritionists say that having a lifestyle modification with a proper and healthy diet share a healthy skin with you, but there is certain food which can provide you with an added glow to your skin.

Low-Fat Dairy Products: One of the most important building components of your skin is Vitamin A. And the best food to get is from low-fat dairy foods. It determines the texture and even tone to your skin. Many digestive Wellness Institutes have found that people who are having thyroid or high blood sugar level are unable to produce vitamin A from beta carotene (from carrots), and hence they must take vitamin A from low-fat dairy foods. Low-fat yogurt is not only rich in Vitamin A, but also in acidophilus, that determines your gut health. Anything that keeps your digestive system normal, have an impact on your skin as well, making them healthy-looking.

Fatty Fishes, walnuts and Flax seeds: These foods are rich in essential fatty acids and give you a healthy glowing skin. Essential fatty acids protect your cell membranes, acting as a shield for the outer impurities and also ensures the good flow od nutrients through your cells. Stronger the barrier, better the cells can hold moisture. Inflammatory processes can cause arteries and other heart diseases, which can also be prevented. The best known fatty acids are the Omega3 fatty acids and omega 6 fatty acids. Though mostly we get omega6 fatty acids, we are deprived of Omega3. Fishes like salmon, walnuts, and almonds can help you with that. You can get these products online using Licious coupons with great offers.

Berries and plums: These fruits are said to have high antioxidant contents, Various researches published in the Food Chemistry Journal says that blackberries, strawberries, blueberries have the highest antioxidant contents that have a plentiful contribution in maintaining healthy health. The free radicals that are formed due to exposure to the sun can damage your skin and in turn damages the DNA of the cell. But the antioxidants present can help you to fight that and protect them from damages.

Preventing damages and disintegration of the skin can help to prevent pre-maturing of skin. New researches and study show that food with high capacity antioxidants also includes beans, prunes, and pecans.

Healthy Oils: Healthy oils are also rich in essential oils. They keep your skin lubricated proving you with a glow and shine. Nutritionists of health experts say go for oils that are cold compressed or extra virgin. The process oils are first added with solvents to raise their temperature and then undergoes through five and six processes, which loses its nutrients. So the oils that are prepared by the cold compressed like extra virgin olive oil, or coconut oils, they are only pressed and heated a bit and bottled in, keeping the nutrients within. As they are rich in healthy fats and calories, doctors recommend a daily dose of two tablespoons. You can get detail of Off Campus Jobs online from fresh hiring.

Water: The most important ingredient that keeps you hydrated all day long, improves your metabolism, improves your digestion and also plays a key role in keeping you looking healthy and young. Your skin loves to get hydrated from clean plain water rather than soda or other beverages.

Drink at least 8 glass of water, and let your skin cells rejoice. Studies show that drinking hard water can do wonders for your skin as they are high in minerals. In addition, drinking water helps you to flush out all the extra toxins keeping you clean from inside, leaving your skin looking better. Staying hydrated, you may face with more sweat, that too contributes to clearing your skin.

Ways to live a Good and Healthy life

The word ‘Healthy Living’ to most individual means both physical and mental health are in balance and working well together. We all want to lead a healthy and active life and for this to happen a well-balanced diet combined with regular physical activity is necessary. There are many different things that you can do to live a healthy lifestyle, such as eating healthy, maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active and managing your stress. However, a healthy lifestyle isn’t just about healthy eating and exercise, it also about taking care of the “whole you” as it helps in keeping your body strong,  mind sharp, and helps in slowing down the aging process. Look people easily get confused when it comes to health and nutrition tips and plans. When asked even qualified experts seem to hold opposing opinions. Yet, despite all the agreements and disagreements, a number of wellness tips are well supported by research. Instead of trying to improve health with a huge makeover, one of the best dietitian in Delhi suggests these small tips that could be followed in everyday life for staying fit and healthy. 

  • Eat more fruits and vegetables– Vegetables and fruits are loaded with prebiotic fiber, minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Fruits like Apple, Cantaloupe, Grapefruit, Kiwi, Guava, Papaya, Strawberries, Watermelon, Apricots, and Avocado should be consumed on a regular basis. Green vegetables should be consumed as they help in repairing our damaged cells.
  • Exercise Regularly– Movement is key to a healthy life. Exercising daily can improve your health and fitness in numerous ways. It helps in lowering your risk of diseases, increasing life span, lose weight and many more. Pick the exercise that you can do at home or outside that you enjoy. It is about being healthy and having fun at the same time. Climb the stairs instead of taking the elevator, walking instead of driving. Keep mixing your exercise so that it keeps you interested.
  • Stay Hydrated– Did you know that over 60% of our body is made up of water? Water performs a number of functions such as the carrier of nutrients, temperature regulator, body detoxifier and many more. So, it is important to drink enough water to stay hydrated and to keep your urine a pale yellow color throughout the course of the day.
  • Cut down on oily and sugary foods- According to one of the best dietitian in North Delhi, cutting down on sugary foods like cookies, candy bars, chocolate, cookies, cakes, pastries, jelly donuts and oily foods like french fries, doughnuts, chips, wedges, and deep-fried food helps in eliminating a number of major diseases. There are better alternatives like fruits, salads, pure juices, and unprocessed foods which helps you in staying fit and healthy.
  • Get enough sleep– Sleep has the ability to optimize physical and mental energy and optimal levels of sleep help in reducing the risk of chronic disease and helps in improved longevity. Closing down the TV early in the evening or staying away from social media is often all it takes to create the time and space for earlier sleep. Also, lack of sleep causes premature aging and you don’t want that.
  • Stop excessive smoking and drinking– Smoking can severely increase your risk of kidney cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, heart attack and many more. If possible, stay away from smoking and avoid excessive intake of alcohol or beer if possible.
  • Practice a random act of kindness– Random acts of kindness is good and sometimes necessary. Give a check on your close ones you care about or someone with whom you have lost touch with or giving up your seat on a train or bus.
  • Get plenty of sunlight– Getting warm sunlight has a wide spectrum of benefits for the body including a reduced risk of several forms of heart disease, multiple sclerosis, cancer and improves the immune function of the body. While burning is to be avoided, get as much sunlight exposure as possible for better health.
  • Meditate often– Meditation helps in dealing with and manage the stress in your life. It helps in quieting your mind and calming your soul.
  • Love yourself– Self-love is an important part of healthy living. When you have a positive self-image, it naturally flashes on your mental outlook and health. A positive outlook and mental health are part of a healthy life.

Follow The Right Technique Of Breathing Exercise

Breathing exercises are very popular since ancient times. They are well-known techniques to relax both your body and mind. One might think that we are continuously breathing then, why do an exercise, how can it benefit and is different from regular breathing. Well, yes breathing is one of the involuntary physical actions of the body. We need oxygen continuously to manage many essential activities of the body. 

This oxygen is provided by the breathing process. Nobody needs to be taught how to breathe. It is a process that comes by birth with us. In general, a more increased supply of oxygen that your body receives more efficiently it can function. Nowadays we come across huge pollution around us. This pollution is present in the atmosphere and therefore is unavoidable as we continuously inhale it during the breathing process.

Many dust particles, chemicals, etc. are also inhaled along with it. We do not inhale pure oxygen but the air in the surrounding. Now, breathing exercise means that you concentrate on this process and try breathing deeper. It allows cleansing your body of the toxins which are excreted through skin and lungs by the increased supply of oxygen. It clears your blood of many toxins and improves your performance.

Why Breathing Exercise

Breathing exercise is useful in various ways. Most of us have hectic routine schedules with many worries and problems. These worries and issues keep us stressed and our mind remains occupied all the time. We do not have a chance to give any rest to our minds. These breathing exercises are quick and positive ways of relaxing and quieting your mind. This allows the mind to get the ultimate rest that it needs.

This exercise also relaxes our body and cleanses it from many harmful toxins with improved oxygen supply. They help us in performing better. Our mind gets to rest and therefore its functioning is enhanced as well. You can focus more clearly and effectively on your worries, issues, and priorities amongst them. This exercise increases your sensitivity power. It allows you to calm your conflicts that constantly are running inside you through your thoughts.

It increases your concentration power and therefore is widely used in many workplaces. It not only helps you to relieve stress but also keeps anxiety, depression away from you. The clarity in thinking, increased focus and concentration boosts your confidence level and increases your productivity. It relaxes your mind and therefore you do not feel tiresome but are fresh to perform any activity. Well, now one would not have any doubts about why this breathing exercise is so famous and popular.

Best Breathing Exercise Techniques

Now having said all the benefits and advantages of breathing exercise, it is also important to know that one should follow the technique of performing this exercise. It has to be in the correct manner to enjoy all the benefits it offers. These exercises are prominent from ancient times; therefore many olden meditation forms incorporate this exercise. Yoga one of the popular exercise forms involves many breathing exercises as well which is called pranayama. The aim is to relax your mind.

One can start the exercise by finding a quiet place to sit that is away from any distractions. One should sit in the padmasana also called lotus position form that is legs cross folded with erect spine posture. Now slowly start breathing deeply and slowly in such a way that you feel the process of breathing that is you become aware of air inhaled and exhaled. Make sure you do not perform any other movements that would distract your concentration from breathing.

Continue breathing in this way till your focus is only breathing and there is no other thought in your mind. Your only focus should be on the breathing process and accordingly the body movements. Feel the movement of your stomach, lungs while you breathe. This way all your mind is focusing on is breathing and there is no other thought in mind. It is quiet and relaxed. Your body also feels the positive effect of this exercise.

It is not compulsory to perform this exercise while sitting one can do it while at the workplace as well. All you need is your concentration while breathing. There are various ways of performing this exercise, you can follow anyone of them but make sure it is performed in the correct and right manner. This would allow you to enjoy all the benefits of it. It does not take a long time, 15-20 minutes daily would be sufficient. Make it a regular practice as then you can enjoy lifetime benefits of it.

Importance Of Right Technique

Knowing the best techniques is not enough; one also needs to understand to perform it in the right way. All the benefits of this exercise can only be enjoyed by following the right method appvalley. We are breathing all the time and therefore it is difficult to do in a controlled manner. It needs some practice and learning but once learned it has many benefits.

It massages your internal body organs like your digestive system, lungs, etc. It improves your thought process, energizes you and boosts your confidence level. It keeps you healthy in many ways. We know to breathe involuntarily hence controlling it is difficult but not impossible. This exercise allows you to sleep calmly and improves thinking, and therefore your decision making power.

There are incredible benefits to breathing exercises. Little efforts from you can make it your lifelong company with great benefits. Well, a lot of information is available on breathing techniques through the internet, health guides and magazines. There are various training centers which train you on these exercises. It leads to an improved quality of life.

Stress is managed in an easy, effective and efficient way with additional benefits. You are not learning anything new with exercise but adapting the correct and improved way of breathing that would help you in many ways. It can be easily fitted in your busy schedules as it does not require any extra equipment or exclusive place. It’s a really simple way towards a quality life.

Dark Sky Observatory

Dark sky observatory is a research facility that provides faculty and students with equipment to undertake observational research in the field of astrophysics. The facility is equipped with spectrographic apparatus and telescopes. The telescopes are used for photometry and CCD imaging.

ASU Dark Sky Observatory (DSO)

This observatory was established in 1981. It is located 32 km northeast of Boone, North Carolina. It is situated far away from major cities away from lights and ideal for dark and moonless nights view. This area offers a suitable setting for spectroscopy and digital imaging for the solar system and stellar research projects.

DSO is owned and operated by Appalachian State University.  The facility is 20 miles from the campus and 9 kilometers east of Deep Gap. The observatory is used for instruction and research. It also offers public viewing events. In 2011, they opened Center for Cline Visitors.

Telescopes

ASU dark observatory has four telescopes

Ritchey-Chretien telescope- This 32-inch telescope is used as the primary research instrument at the observatory. The telescope was manufactured by DFM engineering.

Cassegrain Telescope- This telescope was installed in 1981. This 18 inches tool monitors eclipsing binary stars. At one time the facility used it to observe Mira variable stars.

Dean Glace Telescope- This derives its name from its donor, Astrophotographer Dean Glace. It used jointly by ASU and the Astrophotographer. The size of the telescope is 17 inches.

Schmidt Cassegrain Celestron Reflector- This remote robotic telescope measures 14 inches. It was built in 2009 by Adam Smith as a thesis project for his masters. Skynet Robotic telescope center controls it automatically in collaboration with UNC Chapel Hill. It observes optical afterglows of gamma rays bursts using automatic commands. The telescope is also used by the general public and scientists for queue scheduled observations.

A 16 inch Newton telescope donated in 1982 by ASU was removed in 2003. Similarly, a reflecting telescope was moved DSO from Ranking Science center on ASU campus in 2003 while the building was under refurbishment. The telescope was installed on the roof of Ranking center. It is used for undergraduate studies.

Bare Dar Sky Observatory 

 This observatory is located at Mayland Earth to Sky Park in Yancey County. It is named after Warren and Larissa Bare. The facility gives astronomy students with practical skills and also offers the members of the community to enjoy the spectacular view of wonders of the universe. The observatory has a 360-degree view. It is constructed on an elevation of 2736 feet.

Visitors get a lifetime opportunity to view stars, planets, and the moon. The observatory is not opened during inclement weather – rain, clouds and snow. However, the observatory management will notify you of the cancellation 36 hours in advance and give you a full refund. It is, however, worth noting that your stay at Earth to sky park and the observatory is at your own risk. Therefore in case of an incident, you will not hold Mayland Community and the Foundation responsible. Similarly, they are not liable for lost items. It is imperative that you take caution when visiting the place given its terrain is uneven.

Charges

Adult tickets cost $15 while tickets for 12 years old children and below are $5. You can also opt to go as a group by scheduling group tickets through a phone call. The group should have a maximum of 25 people. The charges are $150 per hour.

Scottish Dark Sky Observatory (SDSO)

Scottish Dark Sky Observatory was built in 2012 situated in Ayrshire. The facility sits at Galloway forest edges. The observatory offers exquisite night sky views. Located at the top of a hill, you get a stunning and experience celestial experience. On a clear night, you will see dazzling stellar appearances.

The observatory is open for publicity was the first in the UK and whole of Europe. The educational facility seeks to enable people to enjoy the night sky view without causing light pollution which hinder observations. Here you will learn more about the celestial world and astronomy.

The facility features two telescopes that provide detailed views of planetarium starts and moon. In 2017 a planetarium was constructed for viewing night sky indoors. A gargantuan number of people visit the education asset from all over the world to view the beauty of the night sky. To enjoy these amazing experiences, you simply have to pre-book the visit through the observatory website. After SDSO visit, you will appreciate the numerous career opportunities outside ACADEMIA in the field of physics, including Astronomy outreach.

Dark Sky Observatory Collective

This facility is located in Fort Davis Texas. It is situated six miles from McDonald Observatory.  

Observatories and Observatory Time- Best time To Visit an Observatory

When planning to go for celestial objects gazing, the timing is as important as the place if not more. You see, if you get the timing all wrong, there will be nothing to watch. So, when is best time to visit observatory? The perfect time is either before or soon after a new moon. Full moon or the bright night may block your sight, and hence only brightest stellar objects will be visible. In fact, you will even see the Milky Way during dark nights when there is no moon.  So avoid full moon as much as possible. Observatories have powerful telescopes. There is no harm in carrying your own telescope. If planning to buy one, ensure you know how to choose best telescope.

Enter summer. Summer has long days and short nights. This significantly reduces your gaze time. Morning and evening twilight hours are longer during summer. This is a perfect time to watch the stars during the summer. Springs autumn and winter are the best time for stargazing. Winter is the perfect season, given that it has long nights.

Winter season does not only boast of incredible observatory experience, but also most observatory events are held during this period. Observatory facilities post event calendars on their websites. You can check the astronomer forecast on weather for astronomical observation.

Essentially, winters are the best time to visit observatories because:

·         The skies are clear and less cloudy

·         You can see the Star and constellation with naked eyes

·         Longer nights

·         It is easy for eyes to adjust

·         Low humidity and fewer skies contamination

Kielder Observatory

Kielder Observatory is found in the United Kingdom. It is among the best public observatories in the country. Located in a remote area, the observatory benefits from dark skies free from light pollution. The observatory has an event every single night of the week. For the weekend you will have to make a booking well in advance. Tickets for the weekend especially during new moon always sell out. The best time to visit is September to march during the evening when the skies are dark.

Griffin Observatory

This is a popular astronomy museum and planetarium located in California. While observatory is the main reason for visitation, you also get to enjoy hiking and panoramic views. Well, some great movies were shot here, including the Terminator. As if that is not enough, there are free astronomy lectures.

You also get free parking before noon and after 10 pm. You will have to part with $8 per hour for the rest of the time. Weekends are always insanely crowded. So, you may want to visit on weekdays. Middays are less crowded. Well, you do not want observatory during midday.

ASU Dark Sky Observatory Time

Appalachian State University will be holding Dark Sky Observatory event in June 2019.  The main theme of the evening observatory will be observing. If the weather is cloudy, they will offer indoor activities including touring the facility, PowerPoint slideshow and also a chance speak to astronomers.

Since we are in the summer mode, we are experiencing late darkness. There is only one session spanning two hours, that is 9:30 -11:30 pm. The observatory time is limited to 35 tickets. You will be asked for the names of the people in your group.  There you must enter their initial and surname for every ticket you reserve.

During the event, you will be required to come with a printed paper. You will be able to print you reserve tickets on the website. Direction and preparation printed ticket on for the night will be included in the reserve ticket. Also, there will be an opportunity to make donations and buy souvenir merchandise. In case of event collection due to safety travel issues, you will be notified via email. An update will also be posted on the facebook page and the website. It is advisable that you arrive 15 minutes before the event.

McDonald Observatory

McDonald observatory draws huge crowds during the star parties – as much as 1000 people.  Of course, predicting the weather is not a walk in the park. However, if you are planning to visit the place in a week, they will have a pretty good idea of what to expect. They post the weather information on their websites. Bright and full moons limit our view of the stars. However, it provides a better view of the moon itself. Most of the start parties in McDonald Observatory fall in the spring break.

Canada Observatory

Also, you can check out the 2009 event schedule for RASC Yukon Centre and Yukon Astronomical Society for astronomy presentation, high sky gazing and dark night observatory. The observatory is located in Tahiti Hot Pools behind a hill. The spot is accessible on foot. It is five-minute walking distance from Takini Hot Pools parking lot to the observatory. The terrain is somehow steep as you ascend the hill. They offer road access to persons with disabilities.

Retrofitting the street lights

Can old dropped lens cobra heads be retrofitted with flat lens glass to make them a suitable full cutoff fixture?

No, in addition to replacing the dropped lens or refractor of the fixture, the reflector inside the fixture must be replaced to properly distribute the light spread from the fixture down onto the road. Since the new flat lens fixture is relatively inexpensive compared to the cost of performing this type of customization, it is more cost-effective to replace the old fixture with a new flat lens fixture of the correct photometry.

What can cities do with their old streetlight fixtures?

The City of Calgary embarked on a massive street lighting retrofit. In an effort to be more environmentally sensitive, the fixtures were disassembled and the components – glass, steel, aluminum, etc. – were then recycled. There are a number of pictures on the Website that show streetlight components being readied for recycling. Some parts were even used for crafts. The old glass refractors can be used as pots and the ceramic arc tubes can be used for sharpening knifes. Representatives of Environmental Assessment and Liabilities at The City of Calgary presented a paper on our environmental monitoring program at the International Association of Impact Assessment Conference in Vancouver in 2004.

Wouldn’t it have been more economical to simply replace the old lights as they burned out instead of doing them all at once?

No. If we had done this project by attrition it would have taken about eight or ten years, and it would have been very hard to manage. The City replaced the lamps in the old luminaires on a 5-year cycle. With the retrofit project, the whole luminaire, including the lamp is replaced. As such, the group relamping is not being done during the retrofit, which is resulting in increased savings. In addition to reducing light pollution and glare, The City also wanted to reduce the wattage of residential streetlights in order to reduce electricity consumption. The new streetlights will save The City approximately $1.7 million a year in energy costs once the project is complete. These savings ensure that the project pays for itself. Reduced energy consumption also results in reduced emissions from gas and coal-burning generators. When the EnviroSmart Streetlights project is complete, CO2 emissions will be reduced by as much as 19,000 tons a year.

How Can We Protect the Night Sky?

You have probably moved to Custer County because of the beautiful environment–including the dark skies! The citizens here would like to preserve this environment. To that and Dark Skies (a Wet Mountain Valley volunteer organization) would like to inform you of the various issues concerning outdoor lighting to be considered when building or adding onto your home or place of business.

Good lighting does its intended job well and with minimum adverse impact to the environment. One way to accomplish good lighting is to use “fully shielded” lights, where no light is emitted above the horizontal. Shielding lights controls which areas are illuminated and prevents unnecessary light escaping upwards. But some modern lighting systems illuminate areas to a level 100 times as bright as the full moon! Too bright an area on the ground can cause Glare where people or objects in the shadows become invisible.

Careful positioning of light fixtures will also maximize the effectiveness of the illumination. Fixtures should be positioned to give adequate uniformity of the illuminated area. A few bright fixtures (or ones that are too low to the ground) can often create bright “hot spots” that make the areas in between seem dark. Even well shielded fixtures placed on tall poles on a property boundary can cast a lot of light onto neighboring properties. This “light trespass” greatly reduces and invades privacy and is difficult to resolve after the installation is complete.

In order to reduce both operating costs and save energy, use high efficiency lights such as LEDs with a color temperature of 2,700k – 3,000K, which will create a natural warm tone. Placing lights on timers so they are functioning only when necessary is also a helpful alternative to the electric eye type fixtures which are on continuously from dark to dawn, or use motion detectors on the security lights.

Good lighting means that we save energy and money, and we avoid hassles. A quality lighting job makes a “good neighbor”… and we all have a safer and more secure nighttime environment. Always remember that lighting should benefit people. Controlled, effective, efficient lighting at a home or business will enhance the beauty, while providing visibility, safety, and security. Then we ALL can continue to look up and see the Milky Way!!

By THE NEW MEXICAN

To what might be its everlasting credit, the New Mexico Legislature in 1999 enacted the Night Sky Protection Act. It recognized not just the beauty of our state’s skies, but their economic value as well.

For more than a century, travelers from the East’s smudged and glaring atmosphere have raved not only about the blue above them in the daylight, but also about the moon, the stars, the planets so bright above them at night.

New Mexico, many of them concluded, is worth many a return visit — maybe a change of residence …
But the more people who came here, the more lights they plugged in — and the harder it became to enjoy a renowned resource. The tourism industry, not to mention economic development so often spun from visits to our state, stood to take a hit if New Mexico became indistinguishable from the brightly lighted sprawl of Dallas-Forth Worth, Phoenix-Mesa or Los Angeles-San Diego.

An effort led in the House of Representatives by Democrat Rhonda King of Stanley and Republican Pauline Gubbels of Albuquerque struck a nerve with fellow legislators on both sides of the aisle. Night-sky protection gained a statutory foothold. Aimed at outdoor-lighting fixtures, the law amounted mainly to guidelines for putting hoods on bulbs, and for replacing mercury-vapor lights with effective, but less glary bulbs. Fixtures would have to be aimed below horizontal.

The law, sensibly enough, exempted lights of less than 150 watts, although the New Mexico Heritage Preservation Alliance, a major advocate of the law, campaigned for voluntary shielding of porchlights and the like. The Night Sky Protection Act was a good start — but more was, and still is, needed.

This week, the state Senate approved, 32-3, a bill providing that the state “shall enforce” the law — instead of the “may enforce” language in the original law. It’s an overdue step — and we salute Sen. John Arthur Smith of Deming for shepherding the proposal through the Senate. We urge the House to approve it, too — but something else is needed: money. The Legislature should make an appropriation to the state Construction Industries Division giving it the people it needs to review building plans and be sure that the lighting for new construction complies with the law. Had CID been given the support it needs, perhaps such recent projects as the Pojoaque fire station would have come with proper lighting.

As an official building, it should be an example for others; same for a new Motor Vehicle Division office in Deming, which went up with broadcast-glare fixtures when downward-guided ones could have been used. As more and more buildings go up around the state, they’ll sport lots of lighting fixtures. The time to regulate them is before they’re bolted on. Night-sky protection, for all its urgency, was conceded by even its most optimistic supporters to be a gradual process — but it shouldn’t be a one-step-forward, two-steps-back affair.

Building-supply manufacturers have developed all kinds of creative equipment for dimming and directing light. When old fixtures are replaced, that’s what should be used. As for new construction, ni hablar. Encourage your legislators to strengthen the Night Sky Protection Act.